Rats Do Better In The Dark Rather Than In The Light
In most cases, it's actually better for them if they are able to spend a decent amount of time in total darkness. The reason why is that being in total darkness can be good for pet rats because it'll help make them feel a little more secure.
Yes, rats are nocturnal, meaning they are most active at night. This applies to wild rats and pet rats; every species of rat spends most of the night awake. Surprisingly, though, rats cannot see well in the dark.
Pet rats have the same instinct, so you should provide spaces for your pet rat to hide in at snooze time. Plastic houses or igloos, tubes, a hammock made especially for rat cages, or some tunnels made of plastic or cardboard are all good choices.
Rats are extremely sensitive to light. Retinal damage due to light exposure has frequently been reported. Albino rats have increased sensitivity to bright light since they lack the normal pigmentation of the eyes.
In their retina, they contain two kinds of color cones: one for seeing blue ultraviolet light and the other for recognizing green light or colors. Rats have a similar color perception to human beings, except they are red-green colorblind, which means they see shades of red as a generally dark tone.
The optimal temperature in which to keep a pet rat is between 65 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit, generally within the temperature bounds of a climate-controlled home. Your rat might get chilly at night, so give her soft, warm bedding regardless of where in the house you keep her cage.
Droppings, uneaten food and soiled areas of bedding should be removed from your pets' cage every day. Clean the cage completely twice a week by replacing dirty bedding and scrubbing down the rest of the cage with warm, soapy water.
Most rats get the zoomies because they are happy or in a playful mood. There are lots of videos of playful rats running in circles while they hand wrestle with their humans. Rat zoomies can also be seen when multiple rats are playing together.
Rats feed mainly at dawn and dusk, and drink mostly during the night, so feed your rats twice a day - in the morning and evening. Remove any uneaten food, and change the amount so that they eat all of it and stay a healthy weight.
Rats are smart and friendly, and they like to cuddle. They make great companion animals, including for kids. They are playful animals that desire human companionship, as well as socialization with other rats.
They hate the sound of ultrasonic rodent repellent devices, which is usually in the range of 22 kHz to 35 kHz. The sound of these ultrasonic rodent repellers may it extremely irritating for these filthy creatures.
If your rat nibbles or licks you, he or she might be showing you affection by grooming you. Rats also have an excellent sense of smell, so your rat might nibble or lick your hand or smell you after you eat or prepare food.
Rats make lifelong bonds with their owners Ask any rat owner, and he or she will tell you: Rats recognize their owners and respond to their sight and voice. They are very social and love to hang out with human family members on the couch or on peoples' shoulders or in their laps.
Unless your rat gets dirty somehow, bathing it only on occasion will make it smell less. When bathed, animals lose some of the natural oils secreted by their body that protect them from the elements. The animal will reproduce any lost oils, which will be of a stronger smell. Bathe your rat no more than once a month.
Rats are very social with people and other rats. To keep them mentally stimulated and physically fit they should be allowed out of the cage daily for at least 1-‐2 hours of play-‐time. Rats are highly social animals and do best when housed in pairs or groups.
I'm not the only one sensitive to my environment, however. Temps that are too high or too low can cause discomfort and stress to your rats and can even lead to health problems. Rat owners should ensure that their pets remain in a temperature-controlled environment of 72 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit.
Most bites happen at night while the patient is sleeping. Rats tend to bite parts of the body that are exposed during sleep, like hands and fingers. Rat bites are usually not severe: most bites are simply washed and the patient is immediately released. The infection rate of rat bites is very low -- about 2%.