Mate. “Mate” is a popular word for friend. And while it's used in other English-speaking countries around the world, it has a special connection to Australia. In the past, mate has been used to address men, but it can be gender-neutral. In Australia, you'll also hear mate used in an ironic sense.
Contributor's comments: The word "bubs" was short for "babies". When I went to primary school in Mornington, Victoria (1960-67), "Babies" or "Bubs" was the word used for the prep year kids at the Catholic School. In the State School, the equivalent term was "Preps".
The most common verbal greeting is a simple “Hey”, “Hello”, or “Hi”. Some people may use Australian slang and say “G'day” or “G'day mate”. However, this is less common in cities. Many Australians greet by saying “Hey, how are you?”.
"Aussie Aussie Aussie, Oi Oi Oi" is a cheer or chant often performed at Australian sport events. It is a variation of the Oggy Oggy Oggy chant used by both soccer and rugby union fans in Great Britain from the 1960s onwards. It is usually performed by a crowd uniting to support a sports team or athlete.
I can not recall ever being greeted with a "good night". It's "good evening", or the non-time specific "g'day". Contributor's comments: I grew up in Brisbane, and have never, heard 'Goodnight' as a greeting.
The female equivalent for “mate” would be “sheila” , but this word is rarely heard in Australia nowadays. The use of the word mate is very useful. When you forget someone's name you just call him mate.
“Mate” is mostly used by and to men, though it can certainly also be used by and to women. Generally, men use it to men; women can use it to both men and women. Men using it to women is unusual. If a man calls another man “mate” in a non-aggressive way, it's nearly always fine.
Australians are very grateful people, but, we don't make a big deal of saying thank you. Now, imagine if someone does something you're really thankful for, you'd say thanks heaps. So if you're having computer problems and IT comes and saves the day, you'd say "thanks heaps mate!"