More than 30 million people of 350 different ethnic groups live in the Amazon, which are subdivided into 9 different national political systems and 3,344 formally acknowledged indigenous territories. Indigenous peoples make up 9% of the total population with 60 of the groups remaining largely isolated.
More than 30 million people, including 350 Indigenous and ethnic groups, live in the Amazon and depend on nature for agriculture, clothing, and traditional medicines. Most live in large urban centers, but all residents rely on the Amazon's natural bounty for food, shelter, and livelihoods.
The Amazon rainforest today still houses many indigenous tribes, some of which are referred to as “uncontacted” — tribes continuously trying to live by the rules of nature alone. Divided into around 400 tribes, Indians of the Amazon rainforest live in settled villages by the rivers, or as nomads deep inside the forest.
Although making it out of the rain forest alive requires specific skills and knowledge, in any survival situation you must keep five goals in mind: water and food; shelter; fire; signaling; and first aid.
Their way of life in the Amazon rainforest may become extinct
Do people get lost in Amazon?
Upon their discovery, Glauco and Gleison were sent to a regional hospital in Manicoré, before being transported by helicopter to another hospital in Manaus on Thursday morning, Globo reports. This is not the first time people have got lost in the Amazon rainforest.
You won't be able to walk through the jungle without coming across the humungous roots of the kapok tree. These giants can reach over 60 metres in height! And, for the foodies amongst us, you'll also be able to spot the plants that some of our favourite foodstuffs come from including coffee, cacao and bananas.
Members of the Kulina (or Culina) tribe have been accused of killing a man, variously reported as a handicapped student and cattle farmer, and eating his heart and thighs in a 'cannibalistic ritual'. The Kulina live in the remote Amazon forest – some in Brazil, others in Peru.
Some of the largest language families of the Amazon are Tupian, Macro-Je, Cariban, Arawakan, Panoan and Tuanoan. Brazil, which hosts 60% of the Amazon Rainforest, speaks Portuguese, while other parts speak Spanish. In many Amazon locales, indigenous Amazonia languages are also spoken.
However, there are many tribes who welcome visitors, preferring to teach them about their culture. Visiting indigenous tribes of the Amazon is accessible to outsiders through volunteering, research and teaching opportunities.
There are guided tours on the Amazon to see things like the Amazon River Dolphin, some of which apparently will let people swim with them. Based on this, it's probably safe to swim in those areas, but like any river with wild-life there are no guarantees.
The Amazon is one of the planet's last great wildernesses, but legends have circulated for centuries that lost cities existed deep within the forests. A search for El Dorado, a supposed city of gold, lured many Spanish explorers far off the map and some of them never returned.
First of all, the Amazon is a very humid, wet place. It might be 80 or 90º F, but with the high humidity, you'd feel like it was much hotter. Some parts of the rainforest experience constant rain during the rainy season from December to March. Even during the “dry” season, it still usually rains at least once a day.
One of the many dangers of living in a tropical rainforest is animals. There are many venomous snakes and insects, as well as carnivorous animals that can attack people. The land can also be extremely dangerous and uneven, and the forest is so thick in some places that it would be nearly impossible to navigate.
The Amazon is one of Earth's last refuges for jaguars, harpy eagles, and pink river dolphins, and it is home to sloths, black spider monkeys, and poison dart frogs. It contains one in 10 known species on Earth, 40,000 plant species, 3,000 freshwater fish species, and more than 370 types of reptiles.
The Amazon is the world's largest rainforest. It is also the ancestral home of 1 million Indians. They are divided into about 400 tribes, each with its own language, culture and territory. Many have had contact with outsiders for almost 500 years.
If you had to eat a human, what part should you eat? The brain and muscles are probably your best bet according to Yale certified nutritionist Dr. Jim Stoppani. Muscles offer protein and the brain would provide slow-burning energy since it's high in fat and glucose.
How many uncontacted tribes are left in the world?
There are more than 100 uncontacted tribes living in the world today, with the exact number still being unknown. The largest number of tribes that still remain unknown to us live in the Amazonian rainforest. The Sentinelese are considered to be the most secluded tribe in the world.
Cannibalism was practiced among prehistoric human beings, and it lingered into the 19th century in some isolated South Pacific cultures, notably in Fiji. But today the Korowai are among the very few tribes believed to eat human flesh.
Another thing you'll quickly notice during your first visit to the rainforest is the smell, which is similar to what you'd experience in a well-planted greenhouse: the combined scent of vegetation, moisture, soil, and decaying plants and wood. It's not a bad smell -- it's the smell of life!
Do not agitate: Please remember that you are inside the jungle to explore the animals, while they are inside their house. Do not agitate them by throwing stones at them or doing antics to attract them.
Avoid squatting on top of or close to any holes, doing so as if your life depends on it, because it just might. If a tarantula or one of the many local snakes is inside that hole, your bathroom break can end up breaking you. If you do not receive immediate medical attention for a bite, you can die.