There are more than 50,000 edible plant species on the planet, but only a few hundred contribute meaningfully to our diet. In fact, just 15 crops provide 90 percent of global energy intake and “the big four” – maize, rice, wheat and potatoes – are staples for about 5 billion people.
Food staples are eaten regularly—even daily—and supply a major proportion of a person's energy and nutritional needs. Cassava, maize, plantains, potatoes, rice, sorghum, soybeans, sweet potatoes, wheat, and yams are some of the leading food crops around the world.
Saffron might be the most expensive (legal) crop in the world. Selling for around $2500 per pound, it's certainly the most expensive culinary herb. What is this? It's hard to describe what saffron tastes like, but most people describe it as a floral honey flavor.
The largest United States crop in terms of total production is corn, the majority of which is grown in a region known as the Corn Belt. The second largest crop grown in the United States is soybeans. As with corn, soybeans are primarily grown in the Midwestern states.
In 2020, the 10 largest sources of cash receipts from the sale of U.S.-produced farm commodities were (in descending order): cattle/calves, corn, soybeans, dairy products/milk, miscellaneous crops, broilers, hogs, wheat, chicken eggs, and hay.
The world record for the fastest growing plant belongs to certain species of the 45 genera of bamboo, which have been found to grow at up to 91 cm (35 in) per day or at a rate of 0.00003 km/h (0.00002 mph). According to the RHS Dictionary of Gardening, there are approximately 1,000 species of bamboos.
Crop is a plant that is grown on a large scale commercially. Pulses, Cereals, Oil seeds, Vegetables & fruits are different types of crop. Different crops need different climate for growth & productivity. For example, Some crops like Maize, soya bean, sugarcane need more water whereas rice, potato need less water.