Some believe that survivors of the Spanish Armada who landed in Ireland were the ancestors of Ireland's black-haired population, but that's not true; black hair and brown eyes were attributes of the original Celts. Further, there was no great settlement of Spanish military in Ireland.
Read more. Another theory of the origin of the term "Black Irish" is that these people were descendants of Spanish traders who settled in Ireland and even descendants of the few Spanish sailors who were washed up on the west coast of Ireland after the disaster of the Spanish Armada of 1588.
The term "Black Irish" is sometimes used outside Ireland to refer to Irish people with black hair and dark eyes. One theory is that they are descendants of Spanish traders or of the few sailors of the Spanish Armada who were shipwrecked on Ireland's west coast, but there is little evidence for this.
In many cases, it refers to people of Irish ancestry who have features that are darker than stereotypical Irish features — blue or green eyes, reddish hair and pale skin. Irish people who have dark hair, brown eyes and dark complexions are often referred to as Black Irish.
In Ireland, olive or medium-green eyes are most common… among the famous redheads of Ireland, blue, grey, and brown eyes are also found… Hazel eyes, which feature a predominately green iris with a ring of brown or amber near the pupil, are also common in Ireland.
The earliest known Irish surname is O'Clery (O Cleirigh); it's the earliest known because it was written that the lord of Aidhne, Tigherneach Ua Cleirigh, died in County Galway back in the year 916 A.D. In fact, that Irish name may actually be the earliest surname recorded in all of Europe.
And compared with the rest of Europe, the Irish have higher rates of cystic fibrosis, celiac disease, and galactosemia, a serious metabolic disorder that prevents the breakdown of sugars in dairy, legumes, and organ meats. (Find out how Neanderthal DNA may be affecting your health.)
In Ireland blue eyes are most common in Connacht, where 53% people have them. The figures are only slightly lower elsewhere, with 52% in Leinster and 50% each in Ulster and Munster. The research was conducted by ScotlandsDNA, a company that researches the genetic origins of Scots and those of Scots descent.
Prehistoric Irish people were dark skinned and had blue eyes, a new documentary claims. The hunter gather population that lived in Ireland 10,000 years ago do not have any of the pigmentation profiles associated with light skin. They inhabited the island for 4,000 years before being replaced by settled farmers.
Main ethnic groups: White Irish 3,854,200 (82 per cent), Other White 446,700, Other Asian 79,300, Black Irish or Black African 57,900, Irish Travellers 31,000, Chinese 19,400, Other Black 6,800 (2016 Census).
Many people of Irish descent have skin with fair complexions and a small to moderate amount of freckles. While this skin type is most commonly associated with red-hair, a large portion of blondes and brunettes also have complexions reminiscent of the Emerald Isle.
Scotland and Ireland are close neighbours, and it is no surprise that commercial ancestral Y-DNA testing and the resulting hundreds of Y-DNA Case Studies conducted at Scottish and Irish Origenes have revealed lots of shared ancestry among males with Scottish or Irish origins.
Some believe that survivors of the Spanish Armada who landed in Ireland were the ancestors of Ireland's black-haired population, but that's not true; black hair and brown eyes were attributes of the original Celts.
Whereas the early Neolithic farmer had black hair, brown eyes and more resembled southern Europeans, the genetic variants circulating in the three Bronze Age men from Rathlin Island had the most common Irish chromosome type, with a mutation on the C282Y gene which leads to blue eyes.
Experts believe that a majority of Irish people have Celtic roots; however, a study published on Thursday found they may also have a great deal of influence from the Vikings, Anglo-Normans, and British.
Estonia. Estonians are known for their fair-haired, blue-eyed appearance with the percentage of people with blue eyes estimated at nearly 90%, though some observational studies have concluded many of these may be more toward blue-grey in color meaning they contain even less melanin than their pure-blue cousins.
Green eyes are most common in Northern, Central, and Western Europe. About 16 percent of people with green eyes are of Celtic and Germanic ancestry. The iris contains a pigment called lipochrome and only a little melanin.
Who Are the Closest Genetic Relatives of the Irish? Today, people living in the north of Spain in the region known as the Basque Country share many DNA traits with the Irish. However, the Irish also share their DNA to a large extent with the people of Britain, especially the Scottish and Welsh.